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Mount Auburn Cemetery

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Mount Auburn Cemetery
Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos
Distrito Histórico Nacional dos EUA
Cemitério Mount Auburn
Mount Auburn Cemetery está localizado em: Massachusetts
Localização: 580 Mount Auburn St., Cambridge e Watertown
 Estados Unidos
Coordenadas: Erro Lua em Módulo:Coordenadas na linha 833: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Construído/Fundado: 1831 (190 anos)
Arquiteto: Alexander Wadsworth; Jacob Bigelow
Estilo(s): Renascimento exótico, outros, renascimento gótico
Administração: Privado
Adicionado ao NRHP: 21 de abril de 1975 (46 anos)[1][2]
Nomeado NHLD: 27 de maio de 2003 (18 anos)[3][4][5]
Registro NRHP: 75000254

Mount Auburn Cemetery é o primeiro cemitério-jardim dos Estados Unidos, localizado entre Cambridge e Watertown no Condado de Middlesex (Massachusetts), a 6,4 km a oeste de Boston.

O cemitério foi designado, em 21 de abril de 1975, um distrito do Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos[1][2] bem como, em 27 de maio de 2003, um Marco Histórico Nacional[3][4][5].


Bigelow Chapel


  • Hannah Adams (1755–1831), author
  • Elizabeth Cary Agassiz (1822–1907), cientista, author
  • Louis Agassiz (1807–1873),[6] cientista
  • Thomas Bailey Aldrich (1836–1907),[6] author
  • Nathan Appleton (1779–1861), congressman
  • Thomas Gold Appleton (1812-1884) artist and brother-in-law of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • William Appleton (1786–1862), congressman
  • Julia Arthur (1869-1950), atriz
  • Thomas F. August (1926-2005), attorney and político who served as the 31st Mayor of Somerville, Massachusetts


  • Hosea Ballou (1771–1852) Universalist theologian and minister
  • Benjamin E. Bates (1808–1878), industrialist, founder of Bates College
  • Jacob Bigelow (1787–1879), designer of Mt. Auburn Cemetery
  • J. W. Black (1825–1896), fotógrafo
  • Edwin Booth (1833–1893), ator
  • Nathaniel Bowditch (1773–1838),[6] mathematician, seaman, author; his monument was the first life size bronze to be cast in America
  • William Brewster (1851–1919), ornitologista
  • Peter Bent Brigham (1807–1877), Boston businessman and philanthropist
  • Phillips Brooks (1835–1893), American Episcopal bishop
  • Charles Bulfinch (1763–1844), arquiteto
  • McGeorge Bundy (1919–1996), presidential cabinet official


  • George Cabot (1752–1823), statesman
  • James Henry Carleton (1814–1873), United States Army officer
  • William Ellery Channing (1780–1842),[6] Unitarian theologian
  • John Ciardi (1916–1986), poeta, translator
  • Alvan Clark (1804–1887), astrônomo e fabricante de telescópios
  • Robert Creeley (1926–2005), poeta
  • Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772–1851), statesman, U.S. Secretary of the Navy
  • Frank Crowninshield (1872–1947), creator and editor of Vanity Fair magazine
  • Benjamin Robbins Curtis (1809–1874), Supreme Court justice
  • Charlotte Cushman (1816–1876), atriz


  • Felix Octavius Carr Darley (1821–1888), artist
  • Samuel Dexter (1761–1816), congressman
  • Dorothea Dix (1802–1887), nurse, hospital reformer


  • Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910),[6] religious leader
  • Harold Eugene Edgerton (1903–1990), engenheiro, cientista
  • Charles William Eliot (1834–1926), presidente da Harvard University
  • Edward Everett (1794–1865),[6] Governor of Massachusetts, President of Harvard University, United States Secretary of State, speaker at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • William Everett (1839–1910), congressman


  • Achilles Fang (1910–1995), sinologist, comparatist, and friend of Ezra Pound
  • Fannie Farmer (1857–1915), cookbook author
  • Fanny Fern (1811–1872), feminist author
  • Annie Adams Fields (1834–1915),[6] author and hostess; wife of James Thomas Fields
  • James Thomas Fields (1817–1881),[6] writer and publisher
  • William M. Folger (1844-1928), United States Navy rear admiral and grandson of Mayhew Folger
  • Felix Frankfurter (1882–1965), United States Supreme Court Justice
  • Buckminster Fuller (1895–1983), arquiteto


  • Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840–1924), art collector, museum founder
  • Charles Dana Gibson (1867–1944), illustrator
  • Augustus Addison Gould (1805–1866), conchologist and malacologist[7]
  • Curt Gowdy (1919–2006), sportscaster
  • Asa Gray (1810–1888),[6] botanist
  • Horace Gray (1828–1902), Supreme Court justice
  • Horatio Greenough (1805–1852), sculptor


  • Charles Hale (1831–1882), journalist, statesman
  • Charles Hayden (1870–1937), financier and philanthropist
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809–1894), physician/author
  • Winslow Homer (1836–1910), artist
  • Albion P. Howe (1818–1897), Union army general
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910),[6] activist, poeta - Author of Battle Hymn of the Republic.
  • Samuel Gridley Howe (1801–1876), physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind
  • Horatio Hollis Hunnewell (1810-1902), banker, railroad financier, philanthropist, amateur botanist
  • Dr. Harriot Kezia Hunt (1805–1875) early female physician; her monument, a statue of Hygieia, was carved by Edmonia Lewis


  • Harriet Jacobs (1813–1897), escaped slave and author of Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
  • Melvin Johnson (1909–1965), American lawyer, Marine Officer and firearms designer.
  • Edward F. Jones (1828–1913), New York lieutenant governor 1886-1891


  • Michael Kelly (1957–2003), journalist and writer, columnist, and editor
  • Drastamat Kanayan (General Dro) (1884-1956), Armenian military commander and político; Defense Minister of Armenia (1920) (interred in Abaran, Armenia May 28, 2000)


  • Edwin Land (1909–1991), cientista
  • Christopher Columbus Langdell (1826–1906), legal educator
  • Herbert Leeds (1855–1930), amateur golfer and golf course architect
  • Abbott Lawrence (1792–1855), político, filantropo
  • Henry Cabot Lodge (1850–1924), político
  • Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (1902–1985) político
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882), poeta
  • A. Lawrence Lowell (1856–1943), presidente da Universidade Harvard
  • Amy Lowell (1874–1925),[6] poetisa
  • Charles Russell Lowell (1835–1864), Civil War general and casualty of the Battle of Cedar Creek
  • Francis Cabot Lowell (1855–1911), U.S. Congressman and Federal Judge
  • James Russell Lowell (1819–1891),[6] poeta and foreign diplomat
  • Josephine Shaw Lowell (1843–1905), Wife of Gen. Charles Russell Lowell, sister of Col. Robert Gould Shaw
  • Maria White Lowell (1821–1853), poetisa e esposa de James Russell


  • Bernard Malamud (1914–1986), writer
  • Jules Marcou (1824–1898), geologist
  • Abraham Maslow (1908–1970), psychologist who created Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  • Leopold Morse (1831–1893). United States House of Representatives (five terms)
  • William T.G. Morton (1819–1868), demonstrator of ether anesthesia
  • Stephen P. Mugar (1901–1982), Armenian-American philanthropist and founder of the Star Market chain of supermarkets (also the father of David Mugar)
  • Joseph B. Murdock (1851–1931), United States Navy rear admiral who served as commander-in-chief of the United States Asiatic Fleet and as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • John Murray (1741–1815), founder of the Universalist Church in America


  • Shahan Natalie (1884–1983), principal organizer of Operation Nemesis, Armenian national philosophy writer
  • Charles Eliot Norton (1827–1908), scholar and author
  • Robert Nozick (1938–2002), philosopher


  • Richard Olney (1835–1917), statesman
  • Frances Sargent Osgood (1811–1850), poeta
  • Harrison Gray Otis (1765–1848), U.S. Representative, mayor of Boston
  • Maribel Vinson-Owen, see Maribel Vinson
  • Maribel Y. Owen (1940–1961), U.S. pairs figure skating champion
  • Laurence R. Owen (1944–1961), U.S. ladies skating champion


  • Harvey D. Parker (1805–1884), hotelier
  • Daniel Pinckney Parker (1781–1850), merchant
  • Francis Parkman (1823–1893),[6] historian
  • Fanny Parnell (1844–1882), poeta, Irish Nationalist, and the sister of Charles Stewart Parnell
  • Benjamin Pitman (1815–1888), American businessman who married Hawaiian nobility
  • Timothy Henry Pitman (1845–1863), Civil War soldier of Native Hawaiian ancestry


  • Josiah Quincy III (1772–1864), statesman, educator


  • John Rawls (1921–2002), philosopher
  • Anne Revere (1903–1990), atriz
  • Marjorie Newell Robb (1889–1992), last first class passenger of the RMS Titanic to die
  • William Eustis Russell (1857–1896), governor of Massachusetts
  • George Lewis Ruffin (1834-1886) first African American to serve on the Boston City Council.


  • Julian Seymour Schwinger, theoretical physicist, Nobel Prize Winner*
  • Lemuel Shaw (1781–1861), chief justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • Robert Gould Shaw (cenotaph), Commander of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
  • B. F. Skinner (1904–1990), psychologist
  • Franklin W. Smith (1826–1911), promoter of historical architecture
  • Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776–1832), phrenologist
  • Daniel C. Stillson (1830–1899),[8] Inventor of the Stillson pipe wrench
  • Joseph Story (1779–1845), United States Supreme Court Justice
  • Charles Sumner (1811–1874),[6] statesman


  • Frank William Taussig (1859–1940), economist
  • Randall Thompson (1899–1984), composer
  • William Ticknor (1810–1864), publisher and the founder of the publishing house Ticknor and Fields
  • William Davis Ticknor, Sr. (1881–1938), president and chairman of the board of Commercial Solvents Corporation and president of Commercial Pigments Corporation
  • William S. Tilton (1828–1889), Civil War brigade commander
  • Charles Turner Torrey (1813–1846), American abolitionist
  • Charles Tufts (1781–1876), businessman who donated the land for Tufts University


  • Maribel Vinson (1911–1961), nine-time U.S. skating champion and coach


  • Benjamin Waterhouse (1754–1846), médico
  • Nathaniel Parker Willis (1806–1867), publisher
  • Robert Charles Winthrop (1809–1894), statesman
  • Roger Wolcott (1847–1900), governor of Massachusetts
  • Joseph Emerson Worcester (1784–1865), lexicographer

Galeria de fotos[editar]

Ver também[editar]

  • List of notable burials in Mount Auburn Cemetery
  • List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts
  • Marco Histórico Nacional em Massachusetts
  • Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos em Massachusetts

Further reading[editar]

  • Nathaniel Dearborn. A concise history of, and guide through Mount Auburn: with a catalogue of lots laid out in that cemetery; a map of the grounds, and terms of subscription, regulations concerning visitors, interments, &c., &c. Boston: N. Dearborn, 1843. 1857 ed.
  • Moses King. Mount Auburn cemetery: including also a brief history and description of Cambridge, Harvard University, and the Union Railway Company. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Moses King, 1883.
  • Aaron Sachs (historian). Arcadian America: The Death and Life of an Environmental Tradition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Ligações externas[editar]

O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Mount Auburn Cemetery


  1. 1,0 1,1 «Documentação de designação para o NRHP» (PDF) (em English). Serviço Nacional de Parques. Consultado em 22 de outubro de 2017 
  2. 2,0 2,1 «Fotos para documentação de designação para o NRHP» (PDF) (em English). Serviço Nacional de Parques. Consultado em 22 de outubro de 2017 
  3. 3,0 3,1 «Mount Auburn Cemetery» (em English). National Historic Landmarks Program. Consultado em 22 de outubro de 2017 
  4. 4,0 4,1 «Documentação de designação para o NHL» (PDF) (em English). Serviço Nacional de Parques. Consultado em 22 de outubro de 2017 
  5. 5,0 5,1 «Fotos para documentação de designação para o NHL» (PDF) (em English). Serviço Nacional de Parques. Consultado em 22 de outubro de 2017 
  6. 6,00 6,01 6,02 6,03 6,04 6,05 6,06 6,07 6,08 6,09 6,10 6,11 6,12 6,13 Corbett, William. Literary New England: A History and Guide. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1993: 106. ISBN 0-571-19816-3
  7. Wyman J. (1903). Biographical memoir of Augustus Addison Gould 1805-1866. 91-113. Read before The National Academy of Sciences, April 22, 1903.
  8. «Daniel C. Stillson (1830-1899)». bochynski.com. Consultado em 31 de maio de 2015 

Outros artigos do tema Estados Unidos : Dann Huff, Jarell Eddie, Candice Daly, Michael Arias, Ex on the Beach (Estados Unidos), Ilha dos Desafios, Vanessa Marshall

Este artigo "Mount Auburn Cemetery" é da wikipedia The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:Mount Auburn Cemetery.